What Color Are Crabs Before They Are Cooked How to Crack That Crab and Eat the Meat

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Getting Started

Lay out your work space

Holly A. Heyser

Picking and eating crabs is an earthy, down-home way to enjoy these tasty crustaceans. Crabs don’t give up their treasures easily. Picking crab meat takes some time to learn, but it’s pretty easy when you know how it’s done.

First, prepare a large workspace. Lay down newspaper because you’re going to get messy (there’s nothing refined about pickin’ crabs). Use a bowl for your cooked crabs, a bowl for good shells (you can use these to make stocks and sauces), and a bowl for the pure meat. It’s best to have an easy to access and open trashcan nearby. You may also want to have nutcrackers, wooden mallets, and lots of paper towels on hand. 

Pick off the Legs

Pick off the legs and claws

Holly A. Heyser

Start by removing all the legs and claws first. Do this by grabbing the very base of each leg and pulling it away. Set the legs aside for later.

Peeling off the Plate

Peel off the bottom plate

Holly A. Heyser

If you turn a crab over, you’ll notice a plate on the bottom. A narrow, pointy plate means it’s a male crab (a “jimmy” in East Coast terms). Female crabs, called “sooks” in the East, have wide, triangular plates. Slip your finger under the plate and peel it back. Grab the base and pull the whole thing away.

Opening the Body

Open the body

Holly A. Heyser

Now it’s time to open the body. Wedge your thumbs on opposite sides of the body, then pull the top of the crab away from the bottom and brace yourself; there will be all sorts of icky-looking stuff in there.

Remove the Lungs

Remove the lungs

Holly A. Heyser

The crab’s lungs appear as feathery cones lining the side of the body. Remove them and throw them away. An old wives’ tale says crab lungs are toxic, but they’re actually just not digestible and taste terrible. 

Now scrape out the gooey stuff in the center of the crab’s body’s two equal solid parts. The greenish stuff is the liver, called the tomalley. You can eat it and many love this part of the crab. If you have a female crab and you see bright orange stuff inside, that is edible. It’s the roe or eggs, also called “coral” in shellfish. Coral is delicious when it’s warmed and served on toast or used in crab cakes. You can also add it to crab soups; it’s the key ingredient in she-crab soup.

Getting to the Body Meat

Cracking the body to get at the meat

Holly A. Heyser

There’s a lot of good meat in the body of most crabs, especially blue and Dungeness crabs. It’s located in cartilage-lined channels in each of the two equal sides of the body. Grasp each side and break the body in half to get to it. 

Extracting the Body Meat

Extracting meat from the body

Holly A. Heyser

Now you’ll pick out the meat from this maze of cartilaginous channels. It can be daunting at first but don’t get discouraged. You’ll learn how to navigate this maze and the picking will go much faster after a few efforts. 

You might only want to bother with this part if you have Dungeness, blue crabs, or any other crab with a top shell that’s wider than 5 1/2 inches. The bodies of smaller crabs are tasty, but you’ll do a lot of work for just a little meat. Add the bodies of smaller crabs into stocks and sauces instead to get that sweet crab flavor.

Starting on the Claws

Getting at the claw meat

Holly A. Heyser

Start with the legs and claws by gently pulling the lower part of each claw off. This often pulls all the inner claw meat with it, but it’ll be attached to a hard, cartilaginous fin-shaped thing in the center. Just pinch the meat at the base of the claw and pull it away from the cartilage.

Picking Meat From the Legs

Pulling meat from the legs

Holly A. Heyser

The meat inside the legs can best be extracted by breaking the joints backward. Just like with the claws, the meat will usually remain attached to a thin piece of cartilage. Slip the meat from this cartilage. Again, you might only want to bother with this if you have large crabs. 

Finishing up With the Nut Cracker

Using a nut cracker for the claw and knuckles

Holly A. Heyser

Finish your crab by cracking the hard-shelled claws and knuckles with a nutcracker. Some people like the knuckle meat best because of its sweet flavor.

Use just enough pressure to crack the claw. Gently increase pressure until the claw is cracked, then pick away the shell and extract the meat. If you crush it too forcefully, you’ll mash the meat and bits of the shell will grind into it. 

If all this sounds like a lot of work, don’t worry. You’ll be able to pick a crab in just a few minutes once you get the hang of it. 

Video about What Color Are Crabs Before They Are Cooked

EXTREMELY GRAPHIC: Live Kill and Twice Cooked Blue Crabs

From our comment section by: Jessibelle M.
Louisiana girl here. 😉 Blue crabs and crawfish are my specialty. Americans/whatever pay more for males because they’ve generally got more meat when harvested at the right time. Also, female blue crabs usually have the red tips on their claws. Although males are more saught-after, the statement about how female blue crabs taste better is true. 😀 It’s the smaller compartments of meat separated by thinner divisions that discourage people; It’s a lot more work to “clean” female crabs of their meat. lol. But they are more fatty and flavorful.

p.s. fresh caught blue crabs that are alive when you bring them home but die during the purge process are 100% fine to cook as long as they are cooked within 1 hour of death.

Enjoying fresh seafood has no equal, especially when it comes to shellfish. In some of our previous dishes, we show you how to make several mouth watering recipes; in this week’s episode, Master Sushi Chef shows you how to make some delicious fresh Blue Crab with ginger and scallions. All of the items are easily found at your local supermarket and feel free to substitute white wine for sake, and Tabasco for Sambal. Enjoy this dish and tell us how yours turned out!

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About Master Sushi Chef Hiroyuki Terada:

Master Sushi Chef Hiroyuki Terada is one of the top Japanese Chefs in the entire world and the most popular Japanese chef on YouTube.

At age 10, Terada learned the basics of sushi from his father and then went on to attend RKC Chef’s School in Kochi, Japan from 1987-1989. He soon earned a nickname for his fast knife, attention to detail, divine presentation and ability to create new dishes and accents based on traditional Japanese cuisine. After graduating RKC Chef School, he was called to serve under Master Chef Kondo at Yuzuan restaurant in Kochi, Japan from 1989-1992. Mr. Kondo is the master of Kansai style cooking, considered to be the high-end of Japanese cuisine. Terada earned the title Master Sushi Chef by becoming the standing head sushi chef & can serve Fugu (Japan Licensed) to the public.


Chef Hiroyuki Terada is using the Minonokuni Matsu-1573 210mm Yanagi. Super Blue Steel. Can also be used for breaking down whole fish and chickens. But normally for slicing, sashimi, vegetables, meat etc.. This is Chef Hiro’s custom specked knife.

For more information on these knives, contact David Holly at david@knifemerchant.com or visit knifemerchant.com

Let us know how you enjoy your Minonokuni.

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